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Common Orthopedic Problems In Children You Must Know
Having a child is an amazing and life changing experience for every parent. Every child has his or her unique personality and watching them grow is one of the most fulfilling and satisfying experience for any parent.
However, along with the happiness also comes worries. You have to spend so many sleepless nights taking care of your child. Many times, you might notice that your child’s growth is not on the right track and developing few problems along the growth curve.This could be an early alarm to you. Some of these may be a severe condition.
But, you need not panic, as most of these orthopedic conditions are just a small variations in the skeletal structure, and they do not need any treatment. However, it’s important that you take these symptoms seriously and get your child a consultation scheduled with a good orthopedician.
There are many children who suffer from various orthopedic problems like pigeon toes, toe walking, flat feet etc. In most of the cases, these problems will go away as the child’s bones will grow normally as they age. But sometimes these condition can become complicated as a result of medical conditions.
Here is few common orthopedic problems in children you must know.
Flat feet: This is one of the most common orthopedic problems in growing children. So many babies are born with flat feet every day and tends to develop arches in their feet as they grow. However, in some children, these arches may really never develop. Parents often describe it as “weak ankles”. The ankles seems to turn inward due to the way their feet are planted.
Flat feet usually do not represent any kind of impairment and doctors only do treatment if it becomes painful. Also doctors don’t recommend any special kind of footwear, such as high-top shoes, as these do not affect arch development. But to reduce foot pain, doctors sometimes insert arch supports into shoes.
Pigeon Toes or In-Toeing: Pigeon toes or walking pigeon toes, medically called as femoral anteversion, is another variation in the way the legs and feet line up. Some babies may have a natural curve in their legs at the age of 8 to 15 months when they begin to stand. Children who have pigeon toes usually walk with their toes inward and often shows internal tibial torsion, wherein, their lower part of the leg is rotated inwards. In some children, this can be related to the medical problem like cerebral palsy. But this occurs very rarely.
Treatment for in-toeing feet is almost never required. In-toeing doesn’t interfere with running, walking or doing any other activities. This gets resolves on its own as the child grows.
Bowlegs: It is an exaggerated bending inward from the keen down. It’s most common in infants, and generally corrects itself as the child grows older.
Bowlegs that occurs beyond the age of two or children having bowlegged in one leg, may be having a bone disease called rickets or Blount’s disease.
Rickets is caused due to lack of vitamin D or calcium, which causes severe bowing of the legs and can also cause enlargement of the spleen and muscle pain.This can be cured by including vitamin D and calcium in child’s diet. However, some rickets may occured due to genetic condition and may need more specialized treatments.
Blount’s disease generally affects the tibia bone in the lower leg of the child. This is seen when a child reaches two years of age.It can appear suddenly and might worsen very quickly. The cause of this disease is unknown. Blount’s disease causes abnormal growth at the top of the tibia by the knee joint. To cure this, a child might need to go through surgery when he or she is about three or four years old.
Knock – Knees: This problem is known as genu valgum in medical terms. Most of the kids with this problem show moderate tendency towards knock-knees between the age of three and six. This generally happens as the child’s body goes through natural alignment shift during this stage. In most of the cases, treatment is almost never required as the legs get straightened on their own. In some cases, where child faces severe knock-knees, surgery might be recommended, depending upon the health of the child.
If your child shows any of these symptoms, or you know any child with any of these orthopedic problem, it is best time to visit an orthopedic specialist, who can treat them well and give them freedom from such problems.
About The Doctor:
Dr. Chakri’s Clinic is the best orthopaedic clinic in Hyderabad, India. Dr. Reddy is an expert in Orthopedic Surgeon in Hyderabad. He has treated thousands of patients through medicines and surgeries. The clinic is equipped with the most advanced orthopaedic tools and machineries.